On Monday, Cuba’s former president, Fidel Castro, turns 86. For decades, every milestone he celebrated and every difficulty he encountered was an intense source of interest in the United States. When illness forced his retirement from office, U.S. officials gave him only a couple of months to live and some in Miami planned a party to celebrate his demise. Six years later, even as the aging former president has largely faded from view, U.S. policy remains stubbornly Castro-centric.
The conversation in Cuba has changed enormously since Fidel Castro stepped down as president and was replaced by his brother Raúl. Read the news items that follow: they are debating how fast and how effectively Cuba is reforming its economy, what are the bottlenecks to expanding non-state jobs, how can Cuba support its aging population as it searches for an economic model that works. These are ideas worth discussing, and some represent developments worth supporting.
Despite welcome but modest reforms, in areas like travel for Cuban Americans and people-to-people exchanges, President Obama has kept the essential architecture of U.S. policy in place. The goal remains using diplomatic isolation and economic sanctions to force the Castros from power and to cause Cuba’s economy to fail. We cannot even directly discuss the human rights or political problems that divide us, because it’s our policy not to sit down and talk to Cuba.
For Fidel Castro, having both countries bound together in antagonism suited his outlook just fine. Six years into his retirement, we find it odd that U.S. policy continues to dance on a string he no longer even holds. On his 86th birthday, that is quite a testament to his longevity. What it says about U.S. policy is something else indeed.